Social Research Methods
Science allows to prove its correctness. (contrast to intuition) Science has scientific skepticism (contrast to authority)
All knowledge is derived from validated data.
Hypothesis and Theory
Hypothesis is not supported by data. Theory is supported by data but may NOT be proven.
The Process of Scientific Approach
The researcher should have existing ideas which offten drevies from existing theories and observations.
Hypothesis is speculated with the existing data, but it should be a new and unproven idea.
Provide data and appropriate interpretations to prove or refute the hypothesis.
Refine hypothesis according to the interpretations of data. If it should be altered from the old hypothesis, it should also be validated with data.
We should follow these rules:
- Respect for the rights and degnity of others
Consider the potential benefits.
- No plagiarism
- Mistakes should be corrected
Minimal risk is no greater than ones in daily life (contrast to greater risk)